This page contains two trip reports ....
|July 2006 Trip Report
With its classic exposed knife-edge north ridge and moderate rock pitches, Mt. Stuart has been on my "to-climb" list for a long time. When Clint Cummins, who I had met in the alpine club at my university, told me he would be in the Seattle area in early July and would be interested in doing some climbing, Mt. Stuart was certainly one of the first options that popped into my mind. Clint had soloed Stuart's north ridge some 30 years ago, but had always wanted to go back and climb the Great Gendarme 500 ft below the summit; the gendarme maintains the true ridge, but many parties avoid this intimidating 200 ft block by descending and traversing below. So Clint and I decided to plan our 9-day climbing trip in the Leavenworth area, since the south face of Prusik Peak was also a climb we were interested in doing (after Prusik, we headed north to Washington Pass to cooler weather and two stellar climbs: the East Buttress of South Early Winter Spire and the West Face of North Early Winter Spire.)
Since the weather forecast was perfect, we decided to start our trip with our climb of Stuart. We wanted to travel as light as possible on the climb, so we packed minimal gear, which meant leaving our sleeping bags in the car, even though we knew a bivy was likely given the length of the climb. We each brought 2 L of water, some food, a jacket and hat, boots, climbing gear, headlamp, and an ice axe.
Friday (July 7) night we slept in the Stuart Lake parking lot, and Saturday (July 8) morning at 5:45am we were on the trail to Stuart Lake.
After 1.5 hours, before reaching Stuart Lake, we turned off the trail and headed up along Mountaineer Creek. There were a lot of mosquitoes, even this early in the morning. For two hours we followed a faint climber's trail through the trees and talus to the moraine at the base of the north ridge. From here we ascended the edge of the moraine to reach the bottom of the rocky north ridge around 10:30am. Here, at the base of the direct north ridge climb, it was at about 6,600 ft, just a little less than 3,000 vertical feet below the summit. The photos below, respectively, show (1) the entire route up the north ridge as seen from the base of the moraine and (2) the technical 4-pitch route up the lower toe of the ridge.
At 11am, Clint was leading the first pitch up the north ridge. Pitch 1 involved a 5.7 lieback to an awkward 5.8 squeeze slot. Pitch 2 involved 5.6-5.7 face climbing. Pitch 3 was a fun 5.8-5.9 crack. Pitch 4 was a short section of 5.7. Fortunately, Clint likes to take photos, so I have several of me climbing.
After this we were able to simulclimb. For several hours we followed the ridge line leading up to the Great Gendarme. Stuart's north ridge is known for its exposure, and it was amazing to climb along the ridge, with the Ice Cliff Glacier far below on the left and Stuart Glacier far below on the right.
We reached the base of the Great Gendarme at 6:45pm. This is about 500 ft below the summit. We knew at this point that we would be bivying somewhere shortly after the summit. The direct climb via the gendarme was the best technical climbing on the route (the alternative is to rappel down 75 ft from the base of the gendarme to an easier traverse to the west of the ridge). Clint led the gendarme pitches. The first pitch was a stellar 5.9 lieback to the top of a pillar. The second pitch was a 5.9 offwidth which had looked intimidating on the topo but turned out to have plenty of solid holds and jams. The third pitch made an airy 5.5 traverse to the notch before the final ridge climb to the summit, where there was an initial 5.8 move and then a low Class 5 scramble to the summit. The photos below show the route on the Gendarme and Clint hanging out at the belay above the second pitch.
As we were climbing the Gendarme we saw the only other two climbers we saw that day. They had come up from Stuart Glacier and were planning on bivying at the base of the Gendarme that night. (A week later, Clint and I met one of these guys just ahead of us on the West Face of North Early Winter Spire!).
The sun was setting as we reached the final notch below the summit. This was a great position to see the sunset colors and shadow of Stuart on the mountains to the east. We made it to the summit at 10pm under a fading twilight. Luckily for us, the moon was full, offering enough light for us to begin our descent.
We had decided on the West Ridge as our descent route, so we started to pick our way down. Ideally, we wanted to find a bivy site by a melting snowfield, since each of us had only about 1 cup of water left and had less than 3 L the entire day (we each brought 2 L, and had filled up at the top of Mountaineer Creek before heading up the ridge). But after descending for about an hour, we were finding it too difficult to find the route or see the frequent rappel slings. Finally we reached a point where we could not find where the route went. We decided to build a bivy here and assess the situation in the morning. Below is a picture of our tiny bivy.
Without sleeping bags, we were rather cold and neither of us got too much sleep. I found that if I crawled into my pack I was a bit warmer. Thankfully, the night was short, and at 4:30am it was light enough to start to look for the descent route again, which we found jogged north over a cliffy looking feature on the ridge. We then drank what was left of our water and at 6:15am were heading down again. Thankfully, it was a beautiful morning. The photo below shows the sunrise colors on the West Horn below our bivy.
The descent down the West Ridge seemed to take forever. We faced numerous rappels, loose descent paths, and sketchy sections of downclimbing. I would suggest trying a different route down Stuart, like rappelling down the Northwest Buttress (disadvantage is that it is steeper and potentially dangerous if you get off route) or sliding down one of the class 3 couloirs (Cascadian is probably the best choice) (disadvantage is that the couloirs put you on the southeast side of the mountain, and if you need to get back to the Stuart Lake trail you then have to traverse around quite a bit). There really seems to be no easy or comfortable route down Stuart, unfortunately. Overall, for us the descent was an incredibly tedious 14 hours. It didn't help that on the entire West Ridge we found no water, and the only food we had between the two of us was three fruit bars and a brownie. The photo below shows one of our sketchiest rappels, where we rapped off a single nut. But at this point I didn't care - I just wanted to get down!
Finally, at 12:15pm we arrived on the sloping ridge above Stuart Pass. We still had not found water. We quickly traversed northeast over to Goat Pass (traverse took me about 1 hour). On the way over we were able to collect a small amount of water off dripping rocks in the snowfields. I found a small pool of dirty water in a depression of a boulder and drank that.
We glissaded down the snow fields below Goat Pass. This was the fastest and easiest part of the descent, and we were overjoyed to find a few small streams of snowmelt. Water never tasted so good! At the base of the snow slopes, we reached a cliffy area of steep heather and trees. For at least an hour we picked our way carefully down (I found an efficient thought slightly damaging way was to glissade down the heather). Eventually we were able to get to the gully after a final rappel off a tree. From the gully we found a faint trail and followed this to Stuart Lake, which we reached at around 5:15pm. The photos below show our descent route from Goat Pass.
We were exhausted, and the bugs were quite bad, but it was nice to finally have a trail. Just past Stuart Lake a party of friendly hikers offered us some extra gorp after hearing of our long day. This was just what I needed. After devouring a couple of cups of gorp, I hustled down the last couple of miles, arriving at the car at 6:45pm. Clint arrived an hour later. We had spent almost 40 hours on the mountain, but it was certainly worth it! What an amazing climb!
A few hours later, our bellies full with McDonalds burgers and warm in our sleeping bags, we fell into a deep sleep. The next day we rested, and then onto our next climbing objective, the south face of Prusik....
|June 2016 Trip Report
|1. The view up Mountaineer's Creek on the approach on Stuart Lake trail. Argonaut on left, Sherpa on right.
2. At the point where the climbers' trail up Mountaineer's Creek cuts off the main trail to Stuart Lake. Took us 1:05 to get here from the car but we were moving pretty fast on the way in (on the way out, it took us longer—1:18—since there were quite a few people on the trail and we did not jog at all).
3. Looking up at Sherpa Glacier. This is the most common north side descent in the early summer. Most of the parties on the route with us were planning on going down this way. A couple more weeks of summer weather, and this descent route would become much more difficult.
4. Looking up at the Ice Cliff Glacier. Some large chunks calved off as we were climbing.
5. Jon scrambling the 3rd-4th class steps up to the base of the roped climbing.
6. Beginning Pitch 1. The first three pitches of the route are 5.8-5.9 terrain so we roped up. We had planned on linking the first two pitches but instead we linked all three pitches into one long pitch with about 20 m of simulcimbing. There were 8 parties on the route that day (welcome to a Fifty Crowded Classic on a sunny summer Saturday!), so this helped us get to the head of the pack quickly.
7. Climbing on Pitch 2 (5.8). Our rope is the red rope.
8. The 5.9 thin hands crack on Pitch 3. Our rope is the red rope. The climbers of the green rope were graciously letting us pass them. (Just above this section my ice axe got tangled up as I tried to weave in and out of the green rope which had zig-zagged over our rope. My foot slipped as I was struggling to free myself, and I caught myself but felt something give in the area just in front of my armpit. The entire rest of the climb I was in quite a bit of pain. A visit to the doctor later that week would confirm a torn Pectoralis Minor muscle and I ended up unable to climb for nearly 3 weeks.)
9-10. Above the first three pitches on the lower North Ridge, we unroped and soloed until the Gendarme. This is about 1600 feet of 3rd to 5.6 climbing. There is definitely some no-fall terrain. My pain caused me to move even more gingerly than usual.
11-12. As we got higher on the ridge, we encountered more and more snow patches. We had hoped to find running water, but nothing was flowing well enough to collect liquid water.
13. Looking back down the ridge. The pair of climbers in the photo nearly kept up with us even though we were soloing. The rest of the parties we had passed we never saw again.
14. Looking back down the ridge. What a spectacular position!
15-16. Soloing on the upper North Ridge, getting closer to the Gendarme.
17. A fun slab on the ridge. The Gendarme looms above.
18. A short knife-edge section.
19. On the final stretch before the Gendarme.
20. There is a bolted rap anchor at the base of the Gendarme. It is possible to rappel here and climb around right of the Gendarme. Apparently the climbing is a bit easier down there.
21. Looking over at the "easier" route that allows you to bypass the Gendarme. Not really a good option in early summer! (Anyway, the Gendarme is such good alpine climbing with great position that it would be a shame to bypass it anyway, even in the later season when the bypass slopes are dry.)
22. Looking back down the ridge from the base of the Gendarme. As evidenced by the photo, the stretch of climbing/belaying on the Gendarme is shady and chilly until afternoon. We put on our down jackets here, whereas up to this point I had been comfortable in a t-shirt.
23. Looking up Pitch 1 of the Gendarme. The climbing is a 5.9 layback but the crack and left wall were wet and somewhat icy, making the climbing a bit more challenging. This is an easy pitch to haul packs on, so that is what we did. Jon tackled the somewhat icy layback in approach shoes, hardly batting an eye.
24. Looking up the 5.9 handcrack/lieback on Pitch 1 of the Gendarme.
25. Jon leading Pitch 2 of the Gendarme. This climbs a 5.9 fist-crack/offwidth. We did not haul our packs on this pitch since it is a longer and more devious pitch. Another excellent lead by Jon.
26. Climber coming up Pitch 1 with the North Ridge streching below him.
27. Climber at the nice belay perch at the top of Pitch 1.
28. A fixed #4 cam in the fist-crack/offwidth on Pitch 2 of the Gendarme. There was also a fixed #1 cam near the beginning of Pitch 2 and a #3 cam in Pitch 1 (I had almost gotten the #3 cam out by the time my "5 minute rule" ran out, so I don't think the #3 will stay fixed much longer).
29. Rime ice inside the fist-crack/offwidth on Pitch 2.
30. A view of Sherpa Peak (and Sherpa Balanced Rock) in the clouds.
31. Not long after the Gendarme there is the final steep section. We climbed up the aesthetic cracks in the photo, which are 5.7-5.8. Because of the steepness we roped up for this short pitch. Apparently you can also bypass this section by climbing around it.
32. A cool tower on the upper North Ridge.
33. As we neared the top, there was more and more snow to deal with between the rock.
34. Jon approaching the summit! 6 and a half hours after we started up!
|35. On the scramble between the summit and the col above Sherpa Glacier. I think this slope is at the head of Ulrich's Couloir. We were surprised at the lack of snow on these slopes, but I guess it is the south side. The scramble to the col above the Sherpa Glacier feels mellow after climbing the North Ridge.
36. We found a pool of rainwater on a boulder. We had not found any running water on the North Ridge; in fact, we did not find any running water on the entire ridge between the summit and Sherpa Pass (on the other side of Sherpa) the next day. Meltwater from all of the snowpatches must just seep into the ground.
37. We had to cross a couple of snowfields en route to the col above Sherpa Glacier. The snow was firm enough that we were happy for our aluminum crampons. I had a lightweight axe too and was happy to have it on the snow. Jon had only his bare fingers (no axe or gloves!).
38. Looking ahead at the terrain between us and Sherpa Peak (our next destination). The col above the Sherpa Glacier is the low point in the ridge before Sherpa.
39. Looking down the Sherpa Glacier from the col. The snow looked a bit steep and icy, but there was still enough of it to make this a reasonable descent route. Most of the parties on the route with us that day had come in via Mountaineer's Creek and were planning to descend this way.
40. Looking towards Sherpa Peak from the col. The large tower in the foreground on the right is an obvious landmark for the start of the Sherpa Glacier descent.
|41. On the way over to Sherpa, I popped a coffee Nips in my mouth and the next thing I knew I was spitting out a couple of tooth fragments and inspecting a piece of candy with a crown imbedded in it. Compared to my other injury, this seemed like a minor inconvenience. So I gave a sarcastic chuckle, plucked the crown out of the candy, popped the candy in my mouth, and shoved the crown in my pocket. We continued onwards towards Sherpa.
42. Looking up the west side of Sherpa. We climbed the West Ridge route, or at least our variation of it. The Cascade Alpine Guide rates it at 5.5, and for the most part we kept it at this grade. The climbing is blocky and the rock is generally good and it seems like there are several route options.
43. Climbing one of the steeper sections on the West Ridge. This crack seemed more like 5.7 so perhaps the "real" route goes off left a bit of this.
44. We found lots of flakes and boulders slung with tat on this climb. We suspect that the West Ridge is more often done as a descent by parties who climb up the North Ridge.
45. We found a pair of climbing shoes a climber had probably accidentally left when they took a break on a ledge. The shoes looked like they had been up there at least one winter.
46. Climbing on the West Ridge.
47. A ledge traverse on the West Ridge route. This ledge traverse is mentioned in the route description in the Cascade Alpine Guide.
48. On the summit of Sherpa Peak! It took us about 1 hour to get there from the base. We never roped up.
49. The balanced rock (from the west). I have always wanted to climb the balanced rock, but today wasn't the day. The description from the Cascade Alpine Guide: "Shoulder stand or rope throw over a pedestal point gains the E side pedestal, then, with bolt protection, frictioning gains the top. Class 5.7." Sounds wild!
50. Mt. Stuart as seen from the summit of Sherpa Peak.
51. Rainier in the distance to the south, as seen from the summit of Sherpa Peak.
52. We descended via the South Gully, which is a 3rd-4th class scramble.
53. A splitter offwidth on Sherpa alongside the South Gully route. Wonder if anyone has ever had the time/motivation to climb it?
|54-55. From Sherpa Peak we continued heading eastward towards Sherpa Pass. The original plan had been to traverse over Argonaut, Colchuck, and Dragontail, but with my injury it was looking likley we would just descend back into Mountaineers Creek via Sherpa Pass. The terrain between Sherpa and Sherpa Pass was mostly just 3rd class, with some cool passageways through notches in the ridge.
57. Just before 8pm, we found a bivy site that was too good to pass up. It would have been possible to make it to Sherpa Pass and get down into Mountaineers Creek before dark and head out to the car via headlight, but there is something appealing about spending a night high on a ridge in the North Cascades (we had hauled bivy gear up here, after all!). Also, I had the crazy hope that my injury would dissipate overnight and we could continue the traverse across Argonaut, Colchuck, and Dragontail. (This photo was taken in the morning.)
58. Morning light on the east side of Stuart, as seen from our bivy site.
59. Continuing the traverse between our bivy site and Sherpa Pass. Argonaut in the distance.
60. Looking down the mellow snow field from Sherpa Pass. My pain was even worse today so we decided it was best to head out, especially when we saw how mellow this descent was going to be.
61. Descending the mellow snow slopes towards Mountaineer Creek. This descent is an excellent option for parties wanting to avoid the Sherpa Glacier in later season. It takes a bit longer to get to Sherpa Pass, but it would be possible to get out this way in one day, especially if you did not climb Sherpa Peak en route. Or climb Sherpa Peak too, all the better.
62. Looking back up at Sherpa Pass (left) and Sherpa Peak (right).
63. After coming down from Sherpa Pass, I decided to add this as another possible north side descent route to my map of approaches and descents to the North Ridge of Stuart (see my note on "Approach-Exit Dilemma" at the beginning of this page).
64. Back at the Stuart Lake / Colchuck Lake trailhead, one of the busiest trailheads on a sunny summer weekend. Cars were parked about 0.25 mile down the road.